Cyrus the Great defeated the Babylonians and gave rise to the next great Empire of the Persians. Persia, which is geographically modern day Iran. Cyrus was born around 580 BC lived to approximately 529 BC. Isaiah who prophesied this was living in 8th century BC before Cyrus even rose to power. Isaiah was a prophet that appeared to preceed the time of Jeremiah who actually first hand saw the Babylonians invade Judah and destroy Jerusalem. Yet Cyrus a Persian predecessor ousts the Babylonian Empire when he rose to power years later.